Pilots and other skilled aviation personnel in high demand as industry's importance grows

CAE's Leontidis notes,“Although CAE works with
over 300 airlines and trains more than 135,000 pilots annually at every phase of their career, we cannot comment on behalf of pilots relative to their perception of the pilot career. However, what we can tell you is that the
demand for the profession is high, with more than
300,000 new pilots needed over the next decade.

Global aviation is on the rise as the demand for pilots is increasing and a global shortage of pilots varies among different regions. This is not only because of the growing number of passengers and airlines fleet but working and living conditions are also factored in.  


 Boeing recently released its 2018 pilot and technician outlook, projecting demand of 790,000 pilots over the next 20 years, representing double the current workforce and the most significant demand in the outlook's nine year history.

The demand is being driven by an anticipated doubling of the global commercial airplane fleet — as reported
in Boeing's Commercial Market Outlook — as well as record-high air travel demand and a tightening labor supply. This year's outlook also includes data from the business aviation and civil helicopter sectors forthe first time.

Despite strong global air traffic growth, the aviation industry continues to face a pilot labor supply challenge, raising concern about the existence of a global pilot shortage in the near-term," said Keith Cooper, vice president of Training & Professional Services, Boeing Global Services. "An emphasis on developing the next generation of pilots is key to help mitigate this. With a network of training campuses and relationships with flight schools around the globe,Boeing partners with customers,governments and educational institutions to help ensure the market is ready to meet this significant pilot demand.  

Experts at IATA, Lufthansa Aviation Training and Nick Leontidis, CAE group's president, civil aviation training
solutions explain to
Aviation Guide why pilot training is known to be a prestigious career and is on high demand and which is the most sought out training in the aviation industry?  

A prestigious career
Flying an aircraft comes with a high level of skills, responsibility and discipline. As a pilot, the life of the people being flown across the globe are in their hands, so to speak.  

Expatriates make up 10 percent of airline pilots today in Asia Pacific, according to CAE's airline
pilot demand outlook 10-year review. CAE forecasts that the industry will need 255,000 new airline pilots over the next 10 years, for a total of 440,000 active pilots by 2027 – 60% for feet growth and 40% to offset retirement and attrition.
In addition, 180,000 first officers will need to be promoted to captain, over half of which will be to replace retiring captains.  

The report also denotes that Asia-Pacific will see the strongest growth in pilot demand as the region's fleet of in service aircraft is projected to significantly increase in size.  

The report also denotes that Asia-Pacific will see the strongest growth in pilot demand as the region's fleet of in service aircraft is projected to significantly increase in size.  

The Americas will experience the most pilot retirements. Airlines and their training partners will need to produce an average of 70 new type-rated pilots per day globally to match the record high aircraft delivery rate and account for pilot attrition  

CAE's Leontidis notes, “Although CAE works with over 300 airlines and trains more than 135,000 pilots annually at every phase of their career, we cannot comment on behalf of pilots relative to their perception of the pilot career. However, what we can tell you is that the demand for the profession is high, with more than 300,000 new pilots needed over the next decade.  

“In addition, airline-focused flight training academies produce an increasing proportion of the pilots flying
in today 's commercial airlines ,compared to small regional flight clubs & schools, universities and military.
Professional academies provide an
 environment with set schedules, access to pilots, mentoring, mandatory uniforms and an airline mindset. When enrolled in programs built to airline specific operating procedures, cadets train to a professional standard from day one.”


A Lufthansa aviation training company official who asked not to be named said,“The profession of being a pilot
combines high respons-ibility with a maximum of precision and passion. You steer commercial aircraft weighing tons safely and professionally from A to B and connect people and goods with each other through your work. The sun shines almost every day at your workplace above the clouds and you experience foreign countries and cultures up close.As a pilot of the Lufthansa Group, you will work in what is probably the most
fascinating profession in the world with one of the world's most renowned airlines at very attractive conditions.”

Prior requirement
Airlines are getting involved much earlier in the pilot creation process. They are looking for training to their unique professional standards from day one. Airlines are not just looking for first officers to fill the right seat.

They're looking for candidates with the potential to become captains within their organizations

According to IATA's spokesperson, IATA does not conduct pilot training, but works closely with the industry, i.e., its  member airlines, training organizations and aircraft manufacturers

“We are actively involved in the identification and development of new training methodologies, with the aim to
continuously improving the quality of the training as regulatory requirements change or new challenges arise”.

Based on the most recent ICAO standards for professional pilot competencies, new assessment
systems have emerged promising the selection of candidates that not only can they become competent first officers, but have what it takes to be successful captains.

More objective assessments as prerequisite for ab-initio training are being enabled. Complementing ICAO's
standard for pilot competencies, the industry is also moving towards the inclusion of the unique operators' cultural reality as selection criteria,enabling candidates to be even more successful in their assigned environment.

CAE has evolved its cadet selection system in the last five years, tuning the  requirements for professional competencies in light of the operator's unique profile. Through interviews, technical tests and psychological assessments, a more rigorous selection process performed at the very start of the training process is proving key to improve graduation rates, reduce remedial training and increase retention rates.

“European Flight Academy (EFA) allows applicants to acquire one of two internationally recognized commercial
pilot licenses. Both lead directly to one place: the cockpit.

“Applicants who meet the basic requirements are admitted to our three stage selection procedure consisting of
Basic Qualification, Group Qualification and Medical.Successful applicants are allowed to start their training at the
European Flight Academy.

“After a 12-month theory phase at European Flight Academy (EFA), cadets will be prepared to finally sit in a cockpit themselves . For this , cadets subsequently travel to one of our locations in the USA and complete their
first practical phase on a brand new training aircraft fleet and with best circumstances for one of the most
professional flight trainings in the world. The training course at European Flight Academy takes between 20 and 28 months altogether – depending on the license.The training is conducted according the top level standards of the Lufthansa Group, the world's biggest airline group,” says a Lufthansa aviation training spokesperson.

Enhancing safety
IATA says new pilot training regulations have allowed for the introduction of new pilot licenses, such as the Multi-Crew Pilot License (MPL), and new training programs such as Evidence-Based Training (EBT) and Competency-Based Training and Assessment (CBTA), which permit to better address the training
needs and challenges of today, i.e., more complex and performant aircraft, with longer flying ranges and in a much busier airtraffic environment.

Lufthansa's spokesperson said, “Pilot training regulations are defined by and as such always refer back to the air
transport industry standards. Trainings at Lufthansa Aviation Training follow the official rules by EASA, therefore the content being taught reflects the latest standards and learning's by the industry itself.”

Lufthansa Aviation Training covers the full training portfolio, from recurrent training to specialized type rating
courses for pilots.

“Our instructors are experienced pilots themselves and went through a strict selection process, thus LAT as a training provider not only offers good training conditions but also helps to implement the latest security measurements of the industry. The expertise of our instructors combined with modern simulators at our training centres contribute to not only the quality of pilot training but also maintain a solid safety record within the

“Over the past two decades, regulated training has increasingly leveraged the use of data
and competencies to improve training outcomes. The unprecedented demand for captains are driving recurrent training programs to adapt to today's realities, and evolve from the first
prescriptive checklists to today's competency-based assessments leveraging new sources of line and training data.

CAE's Leontidis highlighted: “The ability to enable future training frameworks and to support the migration to data-based programs is imperative for all stakeholders in an industry where safety is the top priority. New recurrent training systems, monitoring individual and group performance in real-time, are setting up operators with a renewed understanding of proficiency gaps, allowing targeted training program improvements and accelerated promotions to captains.”  


The recently launched CAE Rise training system is a great illustration of a technology innovation enabling the
translation of simulator training data into valuable insights for instructors and training managers.

This new system can arm instructors with the capability to provide objective assessments of pilot maneuvers in real time and can equip training managers with a new level of insights of the performance of their entire pilot pool. 

Increasing revenues, reducing costs Lufthansa Aviation Training facilities are equipped with state-of-the-art training aircraft, simulators and safety and service training devices in order to meet the growing demand of airlines facing market challenges and reviewing their strategic approach continuously. “Our customers benefit from tailored training programs to cover their needs as well as a growing number of training material made available in digital formats.
“Besides, our simulators for instance are running 24/7, making a number training slots available and thus allowing pilots to best train different situations in the cockpit day and night in order to be perfectly prepared for irregularities that might occur during their daily job routine”.

According to CAE's Leontidis, increased pilot demand is motivating fleet operators and training providers like
CAE to work more closely together. Smarter pilot creation that helps cadets flourish earlier and improves the
likelihood of success throughout a pilot's career is a joint aspiration and mutual goal. Likewise,new training systems that make better use of real-time data and analytical insights are more than a showcase for

Demand for female generation
CAE announced at the 2018 Farnborough Airshow, the introduction of the CAE Women in Flight scholarship
program , demonstrating its commitment to promoting the advancement of women in the aviation industry.

The CAE Women in Flight program encourages passionate and exceptional women to accomplish their goal of
becoming professional pilots. CAE will provide financial support to aspiring
 female pilots by awarding up to five full scholarships to one of CAE's cadet pilot training programs across its global training network. CAE will also provide selected candidates with access to their first job through its global partners

The objective of the program is also to elevate the selected candidates to become aviation role models and inspire even more women to join the pilot profession.

With over 300,000 new pilots needed in the civil aviation industry over the next decade, and with women currently representing less than 5% of pilots and instructors, it is time to tap into a wider pool of talent. As the leading training organization in the world, CAE is very proud to introduce the CAE Women in Flight scholarship program, acting towards achieving greater diversity and a better gender balance.

As for future pilots to be, female cadets are more than welcome at the European Flight Academy and undergo the same training as male colleagues.“It is part of our company DNA, that gender, race or religious backgrounds do not matter, as our mission is to respect one another, work professionally together and rely on each other,
especially when jointly working in thecockpit”.

Within the Lufthansa Group, currently 5 percent of all pilots are female, making a total of 600 female pilots. The first female pilot student joined the Lufthansa pilot school back in 1986. Today, 15 percent of Lufthansa's participants of ongoing pilot cadet courses at their flight schools are women.

An IATA spokesperson said, “We are not aware that there are programs directed specifically to female pilots. A pilot license is regulated, and all candidates have to go through the exact same training. However, we are aware that there are more targeted campaigns to attract the younger generations into a career in aviation, some of them specifically directed to women to inspire them to consider a career as a pilot. We certainly welcome this approach, as we are aware that currently there are many more male pilots, which may be due, in part, to a lack of awareness of the possibilities that a career as a pilot can
also bring to women”.

Aircraft maintenance
The aviation mechanic plays a pivotal 
part in the air transportation industry.The nature of their occupation requires that both initial training and subsequent in-service training provide them with the skills and technical knowledge necessary to perform 'return - to – service' work with the highest precision and efficiency possible.

Technological advances within the aviation industry are occurring at an extremely rapid rate. These advances have created a need for additional aviation mechanics to maintain the sophisticated systems of modern aircraft. These technological advances have also made it necessary to update the instructional program currently being used in most aviation maintenance technician schools.

As demand for aviation maintenance technicians continues to increase, airlines, MROs, schools and other companies are seeking ways to develop and entice the next generation workforce.

Despite the commercial pilot demand forecast holding nearly steady, maintenance technician demand
decreased slightly from 648,000 to 622,000, primarily due to longer maintenance intervals for new aircraft.
Collectively, the business aviation and civil helicopter sectors will demand an additional 155,000 pilots and 132,000 technicians, according to Boeing's 2018 Pilot &Technician Outlook report.

As many airlines replace older less fuel efficient aircraft with new more efficient aircraft, they have to face the challenges of dealing with more complex systems, troubleshooting and digital technology. Leontidis of CAE responds, “We see an increase in training demand by MROs seeking more specialized training to
ensure their technicians become and remain proficient. CAE provides multiple training courses that help customers attain and maintain that level of proficiency. For example, CAE offers 'REALcase Updates' and 'REALcase Troubleshooting' courses and 'Scenario-based Troubleshooting', which are all aircraft model specific courses. In addition, CAE offers 'Professional Troubleshooting' classes, which is a non-model specific base course. Some of the most popular courses sought by our MRO customers are the types of training courses that specifically help them optimize their team's proficiency and efficiency, such as our 'Update and Troubleshooting' courses. For example
 'REALcase' training focuses, on both, 'Update' and 'Troubleshooting' training events that are relevant and timely in terms of what is occurring in the industry with respect to a specific aircraft model.

“Historically, Airframe and Powerplant Technicians focused solely on their traditional skill sets which included
airframe system courses, powerplant courses or aircraft structure courses. However, with the advent of advanced integrated aircraft system, technicians need to become knowledgeable in areas , which traditionally were exclusively the domain of Electrics/Avionics counterparts. To facilitate this, CAE offers technicians Digital Avionics courses which are non model specific base courses as well asaircraft-model-specifics Avionics
System courses.”

Flight basic training
Boeing's Pilot & Technician outlook also denotes that Demand for commercial cabin crew increased slightly from
839,000 to 858,000, due to changes in fleet mix, regulatory requirements, denser seat configurations and multicabin configurations that offer more personalized service. In addition, 32000 new cabin crew will be required to support business aviation.

Nearly 35,000 flight attendants from various airlines attend their annual license maintenance training courses at
Lufthansa Aviation Training (LAT) training centers. In addition, over 2,500 new flight attendants will be trained at the six Safety & Service Training locations alone this year.

Among them are the 'future' cabin crews of Lufthansa Airline. In 2018, LAT completely redesigned the Lufthansa
flight attendant basic training in terms of
 content and technology.


As Europe's top training provider for pilot and cabin training we always want to meet our client's needs. The initial training for Lufthansa flight attendants is one of those examples. However, independently from state-of-the-art teaching methods as well as airline specific ideas and matters, the training of given safety and security standards are always a main part of the courses we offer to every client. 


CAE's Leontidis further explained, “CAE offers a combination of theoretical and practical training delivered by qualified instructors and is available at our training locations across the world or at the airlines' local operations. Standard courses can be tailored to the airline's specifications or CAE can design completely new courses based on the airline's needs.

“ Courses can be developed incorporating the airline's brand, training philosophy and their Standard
Operating Procedures. CAE can assist the airline in locating and attracting the best cabin crew talent. We specialize in implementing tailored recruitment campaigns meeting the individual needs of the airline, including; creation of ideal candidate profile, manage application process & assessment, provision of aptitude testing and personality profiling, interview & teamwork skills evaluation and language testing.Today, CAE delivers cabin crew training for airlines around the world including Air Asia, LATAM, SAS, Vueling, Iberia,Volotea, Wamos Air and KenyaAirways”.

Every airline provides its own individual cabin crew training. However IATA offers a training course that is popular with individuals aspiring to work in the
  cabin crew field, it is available as a self teaching book (followed by exam) or in class at one of their accredited training centers across the world.

Most sought out training
IATA recently conducted a global survey with HR senior executives in the airline industry to ask what areas of growth they anticipate in terms of staffing in order to meet the forecast doubling in demand of passenger travel in the next 20 years, apart from the high profile need for pilots and maintenance specialists, the survey
showed an expected increase in ground operations, cabin crew and customer service areas.

Lufthansa Aviation Training is running pilot schools under the brand European Flight Academy at four locations, has six simulator training centers for already trained pilots that have passed the ATPL and MPL certifications and offers safety and service training for cabin crew at seven training locations.

“A positive environment persists within the civil aviation industry. All major market indicators – from passenger
traffic to fleet growth to aircraft utilization – remain strong, and are driving solid performances in both the
business and commercial market aviation segments.


As such, the demand for pilots continues to be strong, (And similarly, demand for cabin crew
and technicians following the same trend). CAE has more than 15 active cadet programs with airlines around the
world, and numerous cabin crew programs in Latin America, Europe and Asia. CAE also offers more than 150
different types of technical courses across approximately 20 programs,” concludes CAE's Leontidis.











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